Having the right weight according to height is a big sign of physical fitness. It is important to have a normal weight to stay healthy. Being overweight and underweight are both symptoms of malnutrition.
If one loses excess weight or loses it too fast, it is a matter of concern. If you continue to lose weight despite maintaining a normal diet and lifestyle, you must find out the cause.
- How much weight loss is a matter of concern
If a person loses 5 kg in 6 months to a year, it is called ‘Significant Weight Loss’ in medical parlance
The measurement that is used to determine if the weight is correct according to height is called BMI or Body Mass Index. This BMI is obtained by dividing the weight by the square of the height. Normal BMI is from 16.5 to 24.9. If one’s BMI is below 16.5, he can be considered as underweight or underweight.
- Causes of sudden weight loss
In addition to physical illness, mental illness can also cause weight loss. Weight loss will be followed by hormonal problems such as uncontrolled diabetes, hyperthyroidism, Addison’s disease and pan hypopituitarism. In addition, long-term infections, such as tuberculosis or tuberculosis, kala-azar, liver abscess and HIV or AIDS are some of the causes of weight loss.
Another important cause of weight loss is cancer. Cancers can occur in various parts of the body, such as the esophagus, stomach, colon, pancreas, liver, gallbladder, bile duct, brain, nose, ears, throat, thyroid, lungs, kidneys, bladder, sister, blood, uterus, ovaries, cervix, etc.
Patients with mental problems, such as severe depression, anorexia nervosa, eat less and lose weight. If someone has difficulty eating or swallowing, such as after a stroke or the elderly, dementia patients — they may also lose weight due to lack of adequate nutrition.
- What to do
Weight loss will be followed by fatigue and constant tiredness, excessive urination and frequent urges to eat. Hyperthyroidism causes unbearable heat, frequent diarrhea, restlessness and palpitations.
Addison’s disease causes a gradual loss of weight, accompanied by severe weakness, vomiting, abdominal pain, blackening of various parts of the body, decreased blood pressure and dizziness. Their blood salt is repeatedly reduced.
Tuberculosis is still high in our country. Therefore, if there is fever, loss of appetite, cough and bleeding with cough along with weight loss, tuberculosis samples must be tested. Remember, tuberculosis is not just in the lungs, it can occur anywhere. In that case mild fever and weight loss with diarrhea, abdominal watery chest, headache, fainting, back pain or swollen lymph nodes in the body — these symptoms are not uncommon in the case of tuberculosis.
Kala-azar is more common in certain areas of our country, especially in Mymensingh and Rajshahi divisions. The disease causes long-term fever, with symptoms of nausea, blackening of the body, bloating, etc.
Liver abscess or liver abscess will cause high fever, pain in the upper right side of the abdomen, and weight loss. Sometimes jaundice can occur.
AIDS patients have weakened immune systems. There are many infections throughout the year.
The most common cause of sudden weight loss is cancer. Its symptoms depend on where it happened, a lot depends on it. Esophageal cancer can block food in the throat and cause vomiting. Stomach cancer can cause upper abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. In colon cancer, blood with stool, lower abdominal pain, abdominal swelling may occur. Cancer of the pancreas causes pain in the upper and middle abdomen, jaundice and vomiting. Liver cancer causes pain and stiff wheels in the upper right side of the abdomen, jaundice can occur.
Brain cancer usually causes headaches, vomiting, especially after waking up in the morning. Without it, vision problems can occur. Lung cancer can cause long-term coughing, accompanied by chest pain, coughing up blood, and shortness of breath. Kidney and bladder cancer can bleed with urine. Cervical cancer can cause excessive bleeding in the menstrual tract, lower abdominal pain. Ovarian cancer causes lower abdominal pain, bloating and menstrual problems. Sister or bone cancer will cause bone pain, bone swelling. Leukemia usually causes frequent fever, bleeding, and chest pain.
Remember, loss of appetite and anemia with weight loss is a danger sign if you are over 40 years of age. In this case, one must be careful.
- Those who want to lose weight
Many people are dieting and exercising to lose weight. Remember, trying to lose weight fast is not right. BMI and the goal is to move slowly. Set a weight loss goal of one kg per month. Don’t go on an extra diet. Eat a balanced diet. It is best to seek the help of a specialist or a nutritionist.
If he is losing weight fast, he must pay attention and seek the advice of a specialist. If any disease is caught at an early stage, it is more likely to be cured, even cancer. So don’t neglect weight loss.
Author: Associate Professor, Department of Gastroenterology, Liver and Pancreatic Diseases, Sir Salimu